Science ACT

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The Science section of the ACT exam evaluates your interpretation, analysis, problem-solving, and reasoning skills in the context of natural sciences. Here are the key components of the Science section:



The Science section consists of 40 multiple-choice questions. These questions are presented in the form of several passages, each accompanied by a set of questions. The passages cover various scientific topics such as biology, chemistry, physics, and earth/space sciences.



Data Representation: This category involves understanding and interpreting data presented in graphs, tables, charts, and diagrams. Questions may require you to identify patterns, trends, or relationships in the data.


Research Summaries: You’ll be given descriptions of one or more related experiments and asked to analyze and interpret the experimental design, results, and conclusions.


Conflicting Viewpoints: In this type of passage, different scientists or researchers present differing hypotheses or viewpoints on a scientific issue. You need to understand the viewpoints and analyze the evidence provided to evaluate the validity of each argument.


Skills Tested:

Scientific Reasoning: Ability to understand and apply the scientific method, draw conclusions based on experimental evidence, and evaluate the validity of scientific arguments.


Data Analysis: Ability to interpret and analyze scientific data, including graphs, charts, and tables.


Interpretation: Ability to comprehend and interpret the content, purpose, and implications of scientific experiments and studies.



You have 35 minutes to answer all 40 questions in the Science section. This means you have less than a minute per question, so time management is crucial.


Calculator Use:

The Science section does not require the use of a calculator. It primarily assesses your ability to interpret and analyze scientific information.



Your raw score (the number of questions you answer correctly) is converted to a scaled score on the 1-36 scale. This scaled score is then averaged with your scores from the other sections to calculate your overall composite score.



To prepare for the Science section, focus on improving your data interpretation skills, understanding the scientific method, and practicing analyzing experimental setups and results. Practice with sample Science section passages available in ACT prep books and online resources. Familiarizing yourself with various scientific concepts and common experiment setups can also be beneficial. Remember, it’s not just about knowing specific scientific facts but also about your ability to apply scientific reasoning and interpret data effectively.




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